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Istanbul's Great War: Public Order, Crime and Punishment in The Ottoman Capital (1914-1918)

Istanbul's Great War: Public Order, Crime and Punishment in the Ottoman Capital, 1914-1918 is a study of the social and economic life in an imperial capital at a time when the first total war of history swept through Europe, hitting the entire Ottoman Empire up to its borderlands in the Arab Peninsula. The book focuses on the impact of wartime conditions on life in a city of nearly a million citizens, with a specific emphasis on public order, crime and punishment. The author, Deniz Dölek-Sever, takes us through a six-chapter panorama of four years of hardship in the Ottoman capital during the war, analyzing various aspects of public order, crime and punishment as experienced daily by both Muslim and non-Muslim inhabitants of Istanbul, and as perceived by the state. In doing so, her study uncovers inner workings behind state officials’ policies on public order and crime. Tracing instruments of surveillance and control and various crime categories, and making extensive use of primary sources, the work provides a unique understanding of public order and crime, as well as practices of punishment in a period when the Committee of Union and Progress reigned over the political life of the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul's Great War is an attempt to bring a fresh approach to the current literature on wartime Ottoman Empire.


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Kitabın Adı:

Istanbul's Great War: Public Order, Crime and Punishment in The Ottoman Capital (1914-1918)

Yazan:
Deniz Dölek Sever
Dizi Adı:

History: 221

Baskı Adedi:

100

Yayın Yılı:

2018

Sayfa:

390

Ebat:

13,5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70 gr.

Kapak:

Çağlar Yalçın

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

 978-605-2380-35-2

Fiyat:

140,00 TL

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

INTRODUCTION

Conceptual Framework and Research Problem

The Study

CHAPTER 1

ISTANBUL AT THE BEGINNING OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

Demography

Economic Life

Provisioning

Inflation, Black-Market and Speculation

Social Life

Nineteenth Century

The Great War

CHAPTER 2

STRUCTURES: THE POLICE AND CRIMINAL LAW

Policing in Istanbul: Institutional Transformation as a Part of Ottoman Modernization and Centralization

Brief Historical Background: From Janissaries to the Ministry of Police (Zabtiye Nezareti)

Security Forces of the Constitutional Regime

Security Forces during the Great War

The Legal Structure of Crime and Punishment: An Overview of Penal Code as a Tool of Administrative Authority

Legal Regulations on Crimes: Transition from Islamic Law to a Modern Penal Code

The Penal Code of 1858

The Constitutional Regime and the Penal Code of 1858: Amendments

CHAPTER 3

INSTRUMENTS OF SURVEILLANCE & CONTROL: TRAVEL DOCUMENTS, PASSPORTS AND REGISTERS OF THE TRAVEL OFFICE

The Revival of Travel Permits: Travel Document (Seyahat Varakasi)

Legal Regulations About Passport

Reports of Travel Office and General Measures for Controlling Travel

Practice of Policies Related to Surveillance and Control

CHAPTER 4

POLICING THE POPULATION: “SUSPECTS” AS “DANGEROUS CLASSES”

Refugees, Countrymen and Vagrants: “Probable Criminals” and “Usual Suspects”

Foreigners

Non-Muslims

Ottoman Greeks

Armenians

CHAPTER 5

CONSTRUCTION OF CRIMINALITY AND DELINQUENCY:

Petty Theft (Adi Sirkat) and Violent Theft (Cinayet Nevinden Sirkat)

Profiteering (İhtikar)

Bribery (Rüşvet)

CHAPTER 6

SURVIVAL OF THE STATE, AMNESTIES AND A VICIOUS CIRCLE OF CRIMINALITY

Battery and Insult on Duty (Esna-Yı Vazifede Darb ve Hakaret)

Opposition to Decisions and Regulations (Mukarrerat ve Nizamata Muhalefet)

Other Crimes and Their Respective Punishments: Invisible in Crime Tables But Visible in Criminal Policy

Amnesties Declared During the Great War

CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES

Index

 
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