Kütüphanelere, Kitabiyata ve Kitap Koleksiyonerlerine Dair Yazılar

The milestone reforms of the Ottoman Empire are the Tanzimat, the First and Second Constitutions. The Tanzimat Charter made Ottomanism the dominant ideology, paved the way for secularisation and led to the cultivation of an illuminated youth idealizing the concepts of equal citizenship, freedom and constitution. Consequently, it both contributed to the intellectual accumulation of the Ottoman intelligentsia and formed the basis of their political opposition. The first intellectual opposition, Young Ottomans, were the pioneers of the process concluding with the declaration of Kanun-i Esasi. Young Turks' struggle for the restoration of the suspended constitution, resulted in the declaration of the Second Constitution in 1908. The main objective of Young Turks fighting against Abdülhamit's absolutism, was the reestablishment of the constitutional monarchy. Once this was achieved, former divisions reappeared within the movement. This time, other Young Turks began to oppose the vanguard of the revolution, the Committee of Union & Progress (CUP) which had now become the dominant and despotic power.

The most influential figure among the opponents was undoubtedly, Prince Sabahattin, the sultan's nephew and ardent opponent, who also inspired other CUP opponents. The aim of this study is to analyze Sabahattin, always a subject of political polarization in Turkish political literature, objectively, to determine the intellectual foundations of his opposition and to interrogate the scientific basis and applicability of the social reforms he defended. Other opponent parties discussed in connection with Sabahattin's views has helped us determine the liberal positioning in that period.


Satın Al

Künye

Kitabin Adi:

Prince Sabahattin and Liberal Thoughts in The Second Constitution

Yazan:

Melis Ergenekan

Baski tarihi

2015

Dizi Adı:

History – 112

Baskı Adedi:

100

Sayfa:

208

Ebat:

13.5 x 21 cm.

Kagit:

Enso 60gr.

Kapak:

Lom Tasarım Ofisi

Cilt/Kapak:

300 gr. Mat, Amerikan, 4 Renk

ISBN/Barkod:

978-605-9022-28-6

Fiyat

100,00 TL

İçindekiler

I - THE BEGINNING OF MODERNIZATION: MODERNITY IDENTIFIED WITH THE WEST

Debates Over the Tanzi̇mat Period and Young Ottomans

The Attitude of the Elites Towards the West

The Perception of the Tanzimat Reforms by Young Turks

Towards the 1908 Revolution

The Opposition of Young Ottomans

Resistance to Despotism within the Despot's Own Family

II - OPPOSITION TO THE COMMITTEE OF UNION AND PROGRESS IN THE SECOND CONSTITUTIONAL ERA

Liberal Elements and Main Principles Advocated by the Opposition Against the Committee of Union and Progress

Freedom of Press

The Party-Committee Duality

Social or Political Aims?

Liberal Party (Ahrar Fırkası)

The 31 March Incident and Silencing the Opposition

Opposition Unites in the Freedom and Accord Party (Hürriyet ve İtilâf Fırkası)

III - THE PILLARS OF PRINCE SABAHATTIN'S OPPOSITION

Decentralization (Adem-İ Merkezi̇yet)

Evolution of the Land Regime and the Administrative System in the Ottoman Empire

Prince Sabahattin's Approach to the Administrative System (views about decentralization)

Private Enterprise (Şahsi̇ Teşebbüs)

What does Sabahattin mean by this concept?

Tax Rebellions in Anatolia

IV - INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF SABAHATTIN'S IDEAS

The Impact of Edmond Demolins on Sabahatti̇n's Ideas

Education as the Basis of Social Reforms

Demolins' Types of Social Structure

The Thinkers Inspiring Prince Sabahattin Intellectually

Frédéric Le Play and School of Social Sciences

Evolutionary Positivism Shaping Sociological Thought in the Second Constitutional Era

Liberal or Conservative Approach?

CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX