Trade in Wartime: The Business Correspondence of an Ottoman Muslim Merchant Family

In spite of being buried in archives, rarely do historians strike gold. And I’ve heard from many a historian that when they do, micro-analysis of the documents take center stage at the cost of historical perspective. Aliye Mataracı skillfully combines both in a flowing narrative that does justice to her sources - an exchange of letters between a heretofore unrecognized yet long standing Muslim Ottoman merchant family. In similar vein to Soviet historians dismissing the modernization of Russia under the Czars, the same fate befell the Ottoman empire. The two words, modernization and empire, were the twain that never would meet. It was with my generation of Turkish historians born after World War II that Ottoman studies for the country became a respectable subject in both academia and the public realm. It was also through their voices that, half a century after its founding, a critical distance could be taken to the Republic. Yet this same generation was still under the hold of the founding father’s ideology that the Republic was a fresh and progressive start in all aspects of life. Aliye Mataracı and a new generation of young Ottoman historians emphasizing the universal over the particular, are at the forefront of opening a new window to the Ottoman past where process and continuity take precedence over historical rupture.

Gündüz Vassaf


Satın Al

Künye

Kitabın Adı:

Trade in Wartime: The Business Correspondence of an Ottoman Muslim Merchant Family

Yazar:

Aliye F. Mataracı

Dizi Adı:

History - 158

Baskı Adedi:

100

Yayın Yılı:

2016

Sayfa:

266

Ebat:

13.5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70gr.

Kapak:

Bora Gürsoy

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristrol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

978-605-9022-79-8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I

A COMPARATIVE HISTORY OF COMMERCIAL CORRESPONDENCE: EUROPEAN AND OTTOMAN PRACTICES

Introduction

Commercial Correspondence as a Literary Genre in European Literature

Ars Dictaminis: The Art of Letter Writing

The Evolution of Model Letter Collections in France: From Letter-Writing to Course Manuals

Commercial Correspondence as a Genre in Ottoman Literature

Ottoman Letter-Writing Tradition

The Ottoman Münşeât Tradition

The Evolution of Business Correspondence in the Ottoman Münşeât Literature

The Evolution of Ottoman Commercial Correspondence: Mimicking the French Tradition

İlâveli Hazine-i Mekâtib yahud Mükemmel Münşeât

Tüccâr Kâtibi

Conclusion

CHAPTER II

THEORY vs. PRACTICE: ATTEMPTS TO SECULARIZE THE OTTOMAN LETTER-WRITING TRADITION AS A MANIFESTATION OF THE IDEOLOGY OF OTTOMANISM

Introduction

Description of the Commercial Correspondence

Theory vs. Practice: Comparing Model Letters with Actual Examples

Reconstructing Social Hierarchy and Religious Differences

Epistolary Opening Formulas: Addressing Family and Others

Addressing within the Family: Epistolary Construction of Hierarchy

Addressing Others: Epistolary Construction of Religion and Credibility

Epistolary Closing Formulas

Dunning Letters: Constructing Morality and Credibility

Conclusion

CHAPTER III

FROM ANATOLIA TO MANCHESTER VIA ISTANBUL: THE COMPLEX NATURE OF AN OTTOMAN COMMERCIAL NETWORK ON THE EVE OF WORLD WAR I

Introduction

A Socio-Economic Snapshot of the Mataracızâde Network's Provincial Branch

Business Composition

Ethno-Religious Profile

Geographical Distribution

The Social and Economic Standing of the Collaborators

The Immediate Business Environment of the Mataracızâde Brothers

The Provincial Branch

The Istanbul Branch

Ethno-Religious Distribution According to Profession

Ethno-Religious Distribution According to Workplace

The Manchester Branch

Conclusion

CHAPTER IV

THE WAY TO THE OTTOMAN COTTON MARKET PASSED THROUGH "COTTONOPOLIS"

Introduction

Merchandise in Circulation within the Network

Financial Transactions

Banks and Credit Institutions

Financial Tools

Commercial Epistolary Space

Instances of Entrepreneurship

Conclusion

CHAPTER V

TRADING IN THE SHADOW OF WARS IN A DOOMED EMPIRE

Introduction

The Aftermath of the Balkan Wars: "The Hardships of Wartime"

"A Time of Awakening for the Turks"

World War I: an Epilogue and a Prologue

Conclusion

CONCLUSION

APPENDICES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

Basından