A Modernist Approach Towards Turkish Nationalism: The Case of Language Policies in Early Republican Turkey

The reform of language has always been an important tool employed during the construction of a national identity. According to the modernist approach in the academic literature of nationalism, the supposedly timeless historical existence of a nation’s language, offered as proof of the continuous cultural evolutionof a society since the ancient times, is used by nationalistic ideologies to build modern nation-states. In Turkey, during the 19th and 20th centuries, the reformation of Turkish became linked to the process of building a modern Turkish nation, and then for defining the cultural identity of the society with which it had to be associated. Nationalism appeared in the Ottoman Empire, and increased in the Republic of Turkey, as a result of the need to gather an ethnically diverse society under one commonly constructed social-political identity. Whether this constructed identity would remain linked to traditional Islamic culture or shift towards modern western civilization was an important area of competition among the various groups aiming to shape society based on their agendas.
In this book, the relationship between the reformation of Turkish and the construction of Turkish nationalism that occurred between 1928 and 1938 is explored from the perspective of Ernest Gellner and Benedict Anderson’s modernist approaches. This book will argue that the language reform in Turkey, which was used to create the modern Turkish identity, is a combination of imagined projects and invented policies.


Satın Al

Künye

Kitabın Adı:

A Modernist Approach Towards Turkish Nationalism: The Case of Language Policies in Early Republican Turkey

Yazan:

Andre Zakari

Dizi Adı:

History-170

Baskı Adedi:

100

Yayın Yılı:

2016

Sayfa:

185

Ebat:

13.5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70gr.

Kapak:

Bora Gürsoy

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristrol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

 978-605-9022-92-7

Fiyat:

100,00 TL

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABBREVIATIONS

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER II

THEORIES OF NATIONALISM

TRANSFORMATION OF THE TRADITIONAL OTTOMAN SYSTEM

Introduction

Approaches to the theory of nationalism

The Primordialist Approach

The Modernist Approach

The Ethno-Symbolist Approach

Conclusion

CHAPTER III

THE MODERNİSTS: GELLNER AND ANDERSON

Introduction

The Modernists

Modernism and Ernest Gellner (1925-1996)

Introduction

Modernity

Gellner's view of Nationalism

Some Evaluations of Gellner

Ernest Gellner 'Nation and Nationalism'

Modernism and Benedict Anderson (1936-2015)

Introduction

Modernism

Nationalism

Benedict Anderson "Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origins and Spread of Nationalism"

Conclusion

CHAPTER IV

THE ORIGINS OF NATIONALISM IN ANATOLIA DURING THE LATE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

Introduction

The Development of Nationalism during the Ottoman Period

The First Phase of Constructing an Ottoman Identity

The Construction of Turkish National Identity

The influence of 'Ittihat ve Terraki', the 'Committee of Union and Progress'

Conclusion: From the 'invention' of the Ottoman Heritage to the 'imagined' Turkish Identity

CHAPTER V

THE KEMALIST LANGUAGE REFORM IN THE EARLY REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

Introduction

The Birth of the New Turkish Republic and Kemalist Modernism

The Kemalist Language Reform

Language Reform During the Early Kemalist Period (1923-1930)

Language Reform During the The Late Kemalist Period (1930-1938)

Conclusion: The Death of Mustafa Kemal and the End of the Late Kemalist Period

CHAPTER VI

CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX