Religion-State Relations in Turkey and Iran: Ideologies, Institutions and International Influences

This book compares religion-state relations in Turkey and Iran by adopting a historical perspective. It explores the various historical trajectories, international developments and cultural elements that generated distinct religion-state relations in these two national contexts. It argues that the main determinants of this relation derive from the varying degrees of institutionalisation of religious establishments. Historical analysis reveals that the Turkish state inherited a type of state tradition in which religion was strongly controlled and incorporated to the state structure. Conversely, in Iran, especially after the Safavid period, state tradition was marked by the relative autonomy of religious establishments from the state. The influence of international factors on religion-state dynamics is also analyzed. Direct international factors are found to have been more influential in the Iranian case whereas in the Turkish case indirect factors played a more decisive role. This book also argues that it is misleading to point to differences between Shi’a and Sunni sects in an essentialist manner to explain the different paths that these two countries followed.

Satın Al

Künye

Kitabın Adı:

Religion-State Relations in Turkey and Iran: Ideologies, Institutions and International Influences

Yazan:
Agah Hazır
Dizi Adı:

History: 258

Baskı Adedi:

100

Yayın Yılı:

2018

Sayfa:

312

Ebat:

13,5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70 gr.

Kapak:

Çağlar Yalçın

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

 978-605-2380-78-9

Fiyat:

150,00 TL

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABBREVIATIONS

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

Statement of the Problem

Comparing Turkey and Iran

Literature Comparing Turkey and Iran

Essentialist Religio-Cultural Comparative Studies

Non Essentialist Religio-Cultural Comparative Studies

Modernization Literature

Institutional –Economic Comparisons

Current Political Comparisons

A Review of Religion-State Relations

Culturalist Approaches to Religion-State Relations

Modernist Approaches to Religion State Relations

Religious Economy Model: the Role of Interest and Institutions

The Significance of the Study and Its Content

CHAPTER 2

RELIGION AND STATE IN IRAN: EARLY PERIODS

Introduction

An Interpretive Perspective of Religious Scholarship about Iran

A Brief Historical and Cultural Background to Shi'a Political Doctrine

Safavid Empire: Shi'itization of Iran

Qajar Rule and Re-institutionalization of Religious Establishment

Impacts of Afghan Invasion and Religious Establishment

Fragile State, Lack of Legitimacy and Religious Establishment

Usuli-Akhbari Controversy and Doctrinal Solidification of Ulama

Babi Movement and Religious Establishment

Religious Sphere on the eve of the Pahlavi

Ulama-Bazaar Alliance and Tobacco Boycott

Constitutional Revolution and Ulama

Summary of the Major Developments of the Era

Ideological Developments of the Era

International Developments of the Era

Institutional Developments of the Era

CHAPTER 3

RELIGION AND STATE IN IRAN: MODERN PERIOD

Introduction

From Constitutional Revolution to Reza Shah

General Characteristics of the Era

Religion and State under Reza Shah- Early period

The Republican Crisis

Conscription Law

Legal-Institutional Domain

Judiciary Reforms

Education

Symbolic-Ideological Domain

Economic Sphere

Ulama's Reaction to Policies of Reza Shah

Summary of the Major Developments of the Era

Ideological Developments of the Era

International Developments of the Era

Institutional Developments of the Era

CHAPTER 4

RELIGION AND STATE IN TURKEY: EARLY PERIOD

Introduction

Religion, Society and State: Early Ottoman period

Şeyhülislam and Beyond: Ottoman Religious Institutions during the Classical Age

Religious Legitimacy during the Classical Age

Religious Establishment in the Late Ottoman Period

Early Reform Movements and Ulama

Tanzimat Era: Dualism or Integration

Abdülhamid II and Religious Establishment

Summary of the Major Developments of the Era

Ideological Developments of the Era

International Developments of the Era

Institutional Developments of the Era

CHAPTER 5

RELIGION AND STATE IN TURKEY: MODERN PERIOD

Introduction

Ideologies vs Religion: CUP as Opposition

CUP in Power: Religion and State Relationship during its Rule

War of Liberation and Religious Sphere

The Republic of Turkey

Religion State Relations during the Early Republican Period

Legal-Institutional Domain

Abolition of Caliphate and the Directorate of Religious Affairs

Judiciary Reforms

Educational Reforms

Symbolic Ideological Sphere

Economic Sphere

Summary of the Major Developments of the Era

Ideological Developments of the Era

International Developments of the Era

Institutional Developments of the Era

CHAPTER 6

IRAN AND TURKEY: CONVERGENCES AND DIVERGENCES

Introduction

Institutions and Religion

The Impact of the International: State and Religion

The Impact of Ideology: The Revolutionary Shi'a

Reflections and Questions on Contemporary Turkey and Iran

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX