A City Transformed: Great War, Deportation and Socio-Economic Change in Kayseri (1915-1920)

The present study aims to analyze the socio-economic impacts of this demographic change, especially Armenian deportation, on the sanjak of Kayseri. In this respect, it starts with an assumption that the characteristics of the local forces had a decisive role in the development of the process in the localities. The basic questions that this study addresses are: How were the population policies of the Ottoman government, especially Armenian deportation, implemented in Kayseri? To what extent the local dynamics and factors, like the social and economic features of the city, and the character of the governors, shaped the execution of these policies? Finally what were the implications of this demographic transformation on the social and economic life of the inhabitants of Kayseri? As an important contribution of this study, it details how the liquidation of the Armenian abandoned properties actually happened in Kayseri by evaluating the telegrams sent from there. The analysis of the telegrams to explore the impacts of the Armenian deportations on the transformation of Kayseri sanjak shows that local actors, such as the district governor, the abandoned properties commission, and the local notables, were influential in the deportation process and also in the liquidation of the abandoned properties. As a result of the capital transfer, there was a significant transformation in the socio-economic realm. With the establishment of two joint-stock companies in the sanjak, the Armenian assets and capital were officially allocated to the Muslim entrepreneurs. In other words, the Armenian deportation paved the way for the rise of a new bourgeoisie and thus a new upper class in the district.

Satın Al


Künye

Kitabın Adı:

A City Transformed: Great War, Deportation and Socio-Economic Change in Kayseri (1915-1920)

Yazan:
Oya Gözel-Durmaz
Dizi Adı:

History: 270

Baskı Adedi:

100

Yayın Yılı:

2019

Sayfa:

344

Ebat:

13,5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70 gr.

Kapak:

Çağlar Yalçın

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

 978-605-2380-91-8

Fiyat:

225,00 TL

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 2

THE ECONOMY OF KAYSERI UNTIL 1915

Kayseri as a Commercial Center

Armenians in the Economy of Kayseri

Economic Life of the Armenian Villages

The Armenian Merchants

CHAPTER 3

THE ROAD TO THE ARMENIAN DEPORTATIONS

The Armenian Constitution of 1860

The Internationalization of the Armenian Question

The Settlement of the Muhacirs

The Armenian Political Organizations

The Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments

The Land Issue

The 1894-1896 Armenian Massacres

The Second Constitutional Regime and the Land Issue

The Balkan Wars (1912-1913)

The Deportation Decision of the Ottoman Government

CHAPTER 4

THE DEPORTATION OF THE KAYSERI ARMENIANS

The Implementation of the Deportation Order in Kayseri

The Conversion to Islam: An Area of Struggle Among Different Actors

The Demography of the Armenians at the End of the Deportations

The Number of the Kayseri Armenians after the Deportations

The Memoirs of a Convert

The Armenian Girls and Children at the American Mission

A Comparison of the Numbers

Conclusion

CHAPTER 5

THE ISSUE OF ABANDONED PROPERTIES IN KAYSERI (1915-1918)

The Legal Arrangements

The Implementation

The Distribution of the Abandoned Properties

The Military

The State Institutions

The Settlement of the Immigrants, Refugees and Prisoners of War

The Properties of the Remaining Armenians

The Abandoned Properties as a Diplomatic Issue

The Procedural Disputes over the Emval-i Metruke

The Claims of the Malpractices and "Corruption"

Conclusion

CHAPTER 6

THE ECONOMY AS A CONTESTED TERRITORY: THE TRANSFORMATION OF KAYSERI'S ECONOMIC LIFE AFTER THE DEPORTATIONS (1915-1920)

The "National Economy" Policy

First Attempts to Nationalize/Turkify the Economy

Post-Deportation Transformation of the Economy

Abandoned Properties in the Service of the "National Bourgeoisie"

The Establishment of the Joint-Stock Companies

The Establishment of the Joint Stock Companies in Kayseri

The Kayseri Milli İktisat Anonim Şirketi

The Establishment of the Joint-Stock Companies in Other Districts

The Implications of the National Economy Policy

The Collapse of the Artisanal Production and the Shortage of Labor

Conclusion

CHAPTER 7

THE RETURN OF THE ARMENIANS (1918-1920)

The Delivery of the Armenian Women and Children

The Flight of the Armenian Population

The Restitution of the Abandoned Properties

The Abandoned Properties of the Deceased Deportees

The Problems in the Restitution of the Properties

The Muslim Refugees and Immigrants

The Impact of Insecurity

The Decree of 8 January 1920

The Demography of Kayseri in the 1920s

CHAPTER 8

CONCLUSION

APPENDICES

REFERENCES

INDEX