Political Representation of Minorities in Greece and Turkey - Nationalism, Reciprocity and Europeanization

What influences the political representation of minorities? Does a non-core group pursue a certain pattern of collective political behavior, or does it have the ability to alter it through struggle with other groups by calculating the existing opportunities and restrictions? This book addresses these important questions by focusing on the history of political representation of the Muslim-Turkish minority in Greece and the Greek-Orthodox minority in Turkey, two communities whose rights are linked to each other via the “reciprocity principle” written in the Lausanne Treaty, signed by two countries that have long-lasting conflicts. Drawing on presentation of related political history, systematic coding of parliamentary debates and works, minority and mainstream newspapers, and elite interviews, the author analyzes and explains ignored linkages between institutions, bilateral relations between Greece and Turkey, and the role of external factors that enable or constrain minority communities’ access to political life. This study which adopts a historical institutionalism approach and, by integrating theory of both comparative politics and international relations, shows how the minority groups’ political participation and the effectiveness of their representation has been determined by the triangle of the two states’ choice of nationalism, reciprocity and Europeanization policies, mainly argues that internal factors such as groups’ capability for competition and institutional features of the political system in the host-state mostly override states’ bilateral relations with the kin-state and international factors. As a result, for the Greek and Turkish case, the host-states generally pursue the policy of state-controlled involvement of their minorities in the political life, where the existence of the threatening kin-state and minority groups’ strong demographic features lead to avoidance of full assimilation and exclusion from political representation.

Satın Al


Künye

Kitabın Adı:

Political Representation of Minorities in Greece and Turkey - Nationalism, Reciprocity and Europeanization

Yazan:
Burcu Taşkın
Dizi Adı:

History: 287

Baskı Adedi:

100

Yayın Yılı:

2019

Sayfa:

512

Ebat:

13,5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70 gr.

Kapak:

Cevdet Mehmet Kösemen

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

 978-605-7884-08-4

Fiyat:

200,00 TL

TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Maps, Tables and Appendix

List of Abbreviations and Special Terms

Acknowledgments

Preface: Minority Representation, Majority Nationalism

PART I

Conceptual Framework of Political Representation: Institutional Opportunities and Bilateral Constraints

Domestic and Minority Related Factors

Reciprocity Principle: Cases of Greece and Turkey

Bilateral Relations and Nationalism

Europeanization

PART II

Those Who Were Left By the Lausanne Treaty

From Millet System to Nation-State

Vanishing Group With the end of Millet System: The Greek-Orthodox Minority

Constant Group Survived by its Poverty: The Muslim-Turkish Minority

Comparison of the General Characteristics: Their Influence on Political Behavior

PART III

Political Representation of the Greek-Orthodox Minority

Political Representation During the Late Ottoman Period (1908-1920)

Total Exclusion Under the Nation-State (1920-1935)

State Controlled Involvement (1935-1946)

Impact of Democratization: From Non-Representation to Representation (1946-1961)

Political Representation After 1961: A Parliament Without Minorities

PART IV

Political Representation of the Muslim-Turkish Minority

Controlled Involvement: Years of Ineffective Representation (1920-1974)

Impact of Democratization: From Middlemen to Deputies (1974-1996)

Impact of Europeanization: Years of Effective Representation (1996-2018)

CONCLUSION

Comparison of Political Representations

Impact of Institutional Internal Factors

Political Effectiveness

Role of Reciprocty, Nationalism and Europeanization

Policy Implications

APPENDICES

REFERENCES

INDEX