Anti-Greek Riots of 6-7 September 1955 and Their Effects in Istanbul’s

Kuzguncuk is a small, popular village in Istanbul near the Bosphorus. According to most official and unofficial written and oral documents, Kuzguncuk was a village of mostly Jews, Greeks, and Armenians rather than Muslim Turks up until the mid-twentieth century. In other words, the neighborhood is usually described by residents and in local and official discourses as a village of peace, harmony, and tolerance. These narratives create the identity of Kuzguncuk as a happy, peaceful and harmonic village. Kuzguncuk’s non-Muslim population started to decrease following the Turkification and homogenization practices of the Turkish nation-state such as Turkifying street names (the 1930s), the Capital Tax (1942), 6-7 September Pogrom (1955), the deportation of Greeks (1964), and Cyprus military operation (1974). Most of the Greeks and Jews were forcibly or voluntarily migrated to Greece and Israel. Specifically, the events of 6-7 September directly damaged Kuzguncuk’s non-Muslims because looters attacked several non-Muslim houses and shops. Unfortunately, recent statistics reveal that the current non-Muslim population of Kuzguncuk is only 1 percent of the total population of the village. Kuzguncuk lost its multicultural characteristic though Muslim Kuzguncuk residents hold up the multiethnic characteristic of the village in their nostalgic discourses. The general objective of this book is to unpack the historical facts of the Turkish Republic’s homogenization and Turkification practices via an analysis of the case of Kuzguncuk. In other words, this study is a memory work of one of the well-known villages of Istanbul.

Satın Al


Künye

Kitabın Adı:

Anti-Greek Riots of 6-7 September 1955 and Their Effects in Istanbul’s

Yazar:

Emircan Kürküt

Dizi Adı:

History: 320

Yayın Yılı:

2019

Sayfa:

172

Ebat:

13.5 x 21 cm

Kağıt:

Enso 70 gr

Kapak:

Cevdet Mehmet Kösemen

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

978-605-7884-43-5

İçindekiler

Abbreviations

List of Figures

Acknowledgements

Introduction

  • Oral History And Memory Studies
    • Brief Introduction To Oral History
  • Memory Studies
  • The Concept Of Minority And The Development Of Minority Studies
  • The Outline Of The Research

On The Way to Kuzguncuk’s Ethnoreligious Homogenization

  • Non-Muslims İn The Ottoman Empire
  • The General Landscape Of Minorities İn Turkey
  • The Construction Of The Turkish Nation State And National Identity
  • The History Of Nationalization İn The Ottoman Empire And The Turkish Republic (1915-1974)
    • The Armenian Massacres
    • The Greek-Turkish Population Exchange
    • The Thrace Pogroms
    • The Conscription Of Non-Muslim Men Into Labour Battalions
    • The Capital Tax
    • The Deportation Of Greek Nationals
    • The Cyprus Military Operation Of 1974
  • The 6-7 September 1955 Events (The Pogrom)

The Pogrom in Kuzguncuk: Violence And Common Narratives

  • Remembering Kuzguncuk’s Demographic Composition Before The Pogrom
  • The Beginning Of The Pogrom İn Kuzguncuk
  • Violence İn Kuzguncuk During The Pogrom
  • A Comparison Of Memories Of Protection, Altruism And Violence İn Kuzguncuk
  • The Consequences Of The Pogrom İn Kuzguncuk,

Economic Transformation and Appropriation of   Minorities’ Properties in Kuzguncuk

  • Spaces Of Kuzguncuk
  • The Victims Of The Capital Tax
  • Confiscation Of The Non-Muslims’ Properties İn Kuzguncuk

Nationalization and Islamization of Kuzguncuk’s Spaces and Architecture

  • The Renaming Of Kuzguncuk’s Streets
  • The Construction Of Kuzguncuk’s Mosque
  • The Nationalization Of Kuzguncuk’s Shops And Restaurants
  • The “Citizen, Speak Turkish!” Campaign İn Kuzguncuk
  • Attacks On Non-Muslims’ Properties After 1964

Conclusion

Appendıces

Bıblıography

Index