Spiritism in Secular Turkey 1936 - 1969: The Ruhselman Circle Between Religion and Modern Science

Spiritism, established by Allan Kardec claims to study an immaterial world through scientific methods and derives knowledge from communication with spirits. In contrast to its depiction in popular culture, communication with spirits was a serious venture for spiritists. This book examines Turkish spiritism, spearheaded by Bedri Ruhselman, between 1936 and 1969 in an effort to reveal why a group of intellectuals were interested in a supernatural practice such as spiritism. To answer this question, the book examines the history of spiritism in Turkey and provides an in-depth analysis of its spiritist, scientific and moral teachings. It also offers a group biography of Turkish spiritists and analyses the impact of spiritism on Turkish society. The results of the study demonstrate that Turkish spiritism was an attempt to construct a scientified spirituality that reconciled modern science and religion and an attempt to provide a solution to the moral gap observed within republican reforms.This book thus offers a more complex understanding of both Turkish modernization and of Turkish modernizers. In the process, the book also traces the changes in approaches to modern science throughout Turkish modernization.

Satın Al


Künye

Kitabın Adı:

Spiritism in Secular Turkey 1936 - 1969: The Ruhselman Circle Between Religion and Modern Science

Yazar:

Hatice Sena Arıcıoğlu

Dizi Adı:

Tarih: 368

Yayın Yılı:

2020

Sayfa:

287

Ebat:

13.5 x 21 cm.

Kağıt:

Enzo 70 gr

Kapak:

Cevdet Mehmet Kösemen

Cilt/Kapak:

250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk

ISBN/Barkod:

978-605-7900-07-2

TABLE OF CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES

LIST OF FIGURES

ABBREVIATIONS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Spiritism in the World

Historical and Intellectual Background in the Turkish Context

The Kemalist Dilemma

Propositions

CHAPTER II

RESEARCH APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY

Design and Elaboration of Methods

Time Frame

Nature and Sources of Data

Sosyal Demokratların Faaliyetleri

Concepts and Terminology

Limitations

Chapter Breakdown

CHAPTER III

FROM SPIRITISM TO NEO-SPIRITUALISM: RUHSELMAN AND SPIRIST TEACHINGS

Ottoman Spiritism and Occultism

Bedri Ruhselman

Spiritist Teachings

Definitions

Differences from Classical Spiritism

Scientific and Philosophical Teachings

Philosophy of Science

In Search of a Scientific Revolution

Spiritual and Moral Teachings

Attitude toward Religion

The Moral Gap in Turkish Revolution

Neo-Spiritualism as a Scientified Spirituality

Conclusion

CHAPTER IV

TURKISH SPIRITISTS: A PROSOPOGRAPHICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS

A Portrait of Turkish Spiritists

Gender

Age

Geographical Origins

Education

Profession

Religiosity and Spirituality

The Portrait

Spiritist Groups

Differences and Conflict

Common Motivations and Personal Accounts

Organization and Activities

Methodology

Conclusion

CHAPTER V

CONTEXTUALIZING TURKISH SPIRITISM IN THE MID-20th CENTURY TURKEY

Turkish Spiritists and Political/Bureaucratic Elites

Impact of Spiritism on the Turkish Society

Audience

Representation in Media and Literature

Media Coverage

Literary Depictions

Turkish Spiritists vs. Critics

Scientific Criticism

Conservative Criticism

Conclusion

CHAPTER VI

CONCLUSION

APPENDICES

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX