An Ottoman Armenian Orphanage: The Short History of Dârüleytâm-ı Osmânî in Adana (1909-1918)

This book examines the rich history of Dârüleytâm-ı Osmânî, a state orphanage established in Adana by Cemal Pasha of the Adana Governor of the period for Armenian girls and boys who were orphaned due to the Adana massacres of 1909. This orphanage, whose foundations were laid in 1909, was officially opened in 1911 for the education and care of hundreds of orphaned Armenian children. Shortly after its opening, Muslim orphans were also placed in the orphanage and thus became a multireligious and multicultural institution. This study tries to show the views of local officials, Ottoman Armenians, and the Committee of Union and Progress towards the opening of the orphanage by emphasizing the historical role of the Armenian orphans. While drawing a comprehensive political and social picture of the process providing the establishment of the orphanage from 1909 to 1911, I argue that this orphanage was founded for political reasons rather than humanitarian concerns. In this context, the study shows the partnerships, disputes, and conflicts between different groups through the discussions on the administration and control of the orphanage from 1912 to 1914. In addition, I examine the educational, structural and administrative changes and regulations in the orphanage in the 1914-1918 period in the light of economic, political and social events, especially the deportation of Ottoman Armenians. The majority of primary sources used in this book consist of Ottoman archival documents. Besides, missionary and consul reports, memoirs, newspapers, provincial budgets and regulations were also used.

Satın Al


Kitabın Adı:

An Ottoman Armenian Orphanage: The Short History of Dârüleytâm-ı Osmânî in Adana (1909-1918)

Uğur Akpınar
Dizi Adı:

History: 435

Yayın Yılı:





13,5 x 21 cm.


Enzo 70 gr.


Cevdet Mehmet Kösemen


250 gr. Mat, Amerikan Bristol, 4 renk






1. Introduction

2. The Policies for Orphaned and Needy Children in the Ottoman Empire (1839-1909)

2.1. The Institutional Initiatives for Children in Need of Protection (1850-1908)

2.1.1.   The Issue of Orphaned Armenian Children in the Late 1890s

2.2.1.   The Competition for "the Protection" of Orphaned Armenian Children

2.2.      The Adana massacres of 1909 and Armenian Orphans

3. The Ottoman Orphanage in Adana

3.1.      The Road to the Opening of the Orphanage (1909-1911)

3.2.      The Regulation of the Ottoman Orphanage in Adana (1911)

3.2.1. The Unchanged Articles of Cemal Bey's Regulation

3.3.      The Discussions on the Orphanage Director (1912-1913)

3.3.1. Increasing Financial Problems

4. The Conversion of the Ottoman Orphanage into a Turkish Orphanage

4.1.      The Transition Period (1914-1915)

4.1.1.   The Decision of the Ottoman State to Deport Ottoman Armenians and the Orphanage Director Vahakn Efendi's Arrest

4.2.      The Changing of Names (1915-1918)

4.2.1.   A Turkish Orphanage, Adana Male Orphanage

5. Conclusion